Ellis Island, Main Building


1 Ellis Island Bridge, Jersey City, NJ, United States

Boring & Tilton

BUILT 1900

RESTORED BY Beyer Blinder Belle, Notter Finegold & Alexander



Second and third story interiors consisting of:
● Two-story Registry Room (Great Hall)
Fixtures and interior components of these spaces, including but not limited to, wall surfaces; ceiling surfaces, including the Guastavino tile vaults; floor surfaces; piers; windows; chandeliers and lighting fixtures; balcony railings; and attached furnishings


Excerpt from Landmarks Preservation Commission designation report:

“The Commission further finds that, among its important qualities, the interior of the main building of Ellis Island consisting of the two-story Registry Room, also known as the Great Hall, was built in 1898-1900 to the designs of Boring & Tilton as the centerpiece of the federal immigration station; that as the largest room in the main building, the largest and most imposing of the structures on Ellis Island, the Registry Room, the main entry point, could accommodate the processing of 5000 immigrants a day; that the monumental Boring & Tilton design, the first major federal commission awarded under the provisions of the Tarsney Act, was carried out under the supervision of James Knox Taylor, Supervising Architect of the Treasury Department, as part of his effort to improve the quality of government architecture; that the main building which was designed in the Beaux-Arts classical style also displays displays the principles of Beaux-Arts planning which are apparent in the Registry Room; that the installation in 1918 of the Guastavino tile arched ceiling – one of the most impressive in New York City – and the red Ludowici tile floor have enhanced the architectural quality of the space; that the soaring vaulted ceiling and the large arched window openings at the clerestory accentuate the enormity of the space; that the room has been restored by the National Park Service to reflect its appearance in the immigration museum; and that the Registry Room, in which the fate of millions of immigrants determined, serves as a vivid reminder of and monument to the immigrants who have come to this country from all corners of the world.”